Happy Friends

AUSTRALIAN CITIZENSHIP
BY DESCENT or BY CONFERRAL

There are several different ways to become a citizen of Australia. The most common ways are by conferral or by descent.

BY DESCENT ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS

  • Have been born outside Australia

  • Ensure that the person you are claiming descent from was your parent at the time of your birth and was also an Australian Citizen at the time of your birth

  • Be of good character

BY CONFERRAL ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS

  • Be a permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen for the past 12 months

  • Intend to live in Australia or maintain a lasting link with Australia whilst overseas

  • Have been living in Australia on a valid visa for the past 4 years

  • Be of good character

  • Pass a Citizenship Test (if you’re between 18 and 59); English language, values, responsibilities

  • Be away from Australia for no more than 12 months in total in the past 4 years, including no more than 90 days in total in the past 12 months

BENEFITS OF AUSTRALIAN CITIZENSHIP

  • You are joining a unique community

  • You can vote in federal and state or territory elections, and in a referendum

  • You can apply for children born overseas to become Australian citizens by descent

  • You can apply for a job in the Australian Public Service or in the Australian Defence Force

  • You can seek election to parliament

  • You can apply for an Australian passport and re-enter Australia freely

  • You can ask for consular assistance from an Australian official while overseas

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